INS Kalvari
Source: The Indian Express

Scorpene Submarine INS Kalvari has been handed over to the Indian Navy. The first of the six Scorpene Submarine made by the MDL Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in collaboration with the DCNS of France has finally been handed over to the Navy for the service of the nation. However, INS Kalvari would not be in action immediately. The powerful submarine will be commissioned and reincarnated as per the tradition. The first INS Kalvari was decommissioned on May 31, 1996, with full prestige and honour. It will be again commissioned and reincarnated before it goes to the service.

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Scorpene Submarine INS Kalvari specification

This is one of the powerful submarines that have been built as part of the Make in India. However, the project was first signed on Oct 2005. The work started in May 2009, and the project is already late by almost four years.

The acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise, hydro-dynamically optimized shape and capability of launching an attack on the enemy from deep down the water are the special features of the submarine reported Defence Aviation Post. The launching can be done from the both torpedoes of the submarine and that is an added advantage for it.  The underwater attack, surface to surface capabilities are also among the stealth features of the submarine. However, the best part of the INS Kalvari is that it is an interoperable submarine and can be used for many purposes. It can be Ant-Surface or Anti-Submarine war, intelligence purpose, research and rescue reporting, surveillance, mine laying and others can be performed with this submarine.

This is a Not a Nuclear-Capable submarine and instead combustion of ethanol and oxygen has been used to generate power of the engine. The second Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi is undergoing trials and is expected to be handed over to the Navy by next year March. The third submarine INS Vela would be launched in the last quarter of this year and would be handed over to the Navy after the successful tests at the marine.